Tiskarna knjigoveznica Radovljica d.o.o.,
Ljubljanska cesta 56, 4240 Radovljica

+386 (0)4 537 18 11
        +386 (0)51 332 785

Slovensko  English


What is graphical design?

During the design stage the outlook of the printed matter is defined, the size and materials for printing are selected, masters of the printed matters are made, fonts and pictures are selected, the number of colours is defined and the samples are made. All the above is made together with the customer.


What is graphical preparation for printing?

When the design has been made, we set the printed matter, process the pictures, create proofs, make our and the customer's corrections and, if required, make an electronic distribution of the pages for printing.

What are corrections and checking of proofs (marking and what is blueprint or galley proof)?

Prior to printing, blueprint copies are made, and, if required, also proofs. On the blueprint copies it is checked for the last time before printing whether all the elements for printing are at the correct places, dimensions and cuttings are checked, the distribution and covering of pages are checked, as well as the way of folding and eventual cuttings. Colour proofs are checked in order to control the colours, they are compare with eventual samples and references for printing, and then approved for printing.

What does finishing of printed matters mean?

If required, printed matters are lacquered by dim or glossy offset or UV coating, plasticized, coated or finished with blindblocking or goldblocking. It is recommended to plasticize book covers or lacquer the outside parts of printed matters in order to protect them from scratching or soiling.

How can publications be bound?

The basic types of binding are the so-called limp binding and hard binding. Limp binding means that publications may be bound as a notebook (with ordinary or folder clips), bound in paper covers, bound by metal spiral. When binding in paper covers, the book block may be glued or sewn, and the covers may have flaps.
Hard binding includes lath binding (as diploma works) and the so-called Italian binding. The spine of the book can be flat or round, the book block is sewn, the covers are coated, and they can have a protective jacket, and ornamental ribbon or bookmark can be added.


The size of the page is not set correctly 
Surprisingly, this is one of the most common mistakes. The size of the page, on which we are designing, is not the same as the size of the final printed matter (e.g. an A4 letter is set on A3 size…)
SOLUTION: Find out the final cut size of the printed matter and type that value into the »Page setup«.

Misunderstanding about the final size (of a poster)
Example: The designer makes a B2 poster on 500x707 mm size, and the printer wants to print it on the paper of the same size, and also the offer is made for a B2 paper size.
SOLUTION:Find out what the final cut size of the printed matter will be. For B2 it is usually 480x680 mm, and for B1 it is 680x980 mm).


Redundant manual crop marks

If Solution 1 has been applied, it is not necessary to set manual crop marks. All DTP programmes do this automatically.


Crop marks only in black

In spite of the fact that »imposition« programmes are used for electronic editing, or imposition is added to the basic programme (e.g. QuarkXpress, Indesign) or it is even its integral part (e.g. CorelDraw) “manual” composition of forms is often useful. However, it may happen that crop marks are not obtained on all separations, particularly when additional (spot, Pantone) colours are used.
SOLUTION: Colour crop marks in »registration color«, which can be recognised by all DTP programmes.


Additions for cutting are missing

SOLUTION:All the objects (pictures, background, lines) that reach the live edge, should go beyond the size of the page for e.g. 3 mm. This addition may be smaller in cases the printed matter is not folded (business cards, cards…) or bigger (5 mm and more) for a book cover, for example.